1. Updated ICO Residency Curriculum Available Online

Andrew G. Lee, MD
Andrew G. Lee, MD 

To support educators in “What to Teach,” the ICO has completed a major revision of the ICO Residency Curriculum, which offers an international consensus on the cognitive and technical skills ophthalmologists should be taught, including “must know” items at each level of training.

With the volunteer help of over 100 international subspecialists and other experts’ thoughtful input and review, sixteen international committees contributed to the update, which includes two new sections: Refractive Surgery and Community Eye Health. Also new is the addition of a “very advanced” level, which is geared towards education of the subspecialist.

Delivered online in a standardized content outline, the ICO Residency Curriculum is intended to be translated and adapted, with the precise local detail for implementation left to each region’s educators.

We hope the curriculum will be of enduring value for widely different regions regardless of nationality or culture. To access the ICO Residency Curriculum for easy download or editing, go to:

–  Andrew G. Lee, MD, Chair, Committee on Curricula and Expectations for Training 

2. Residency Program Directors Courses: Maximizing Educational Effectiveness

Eduardo Mayorga, MD
Eduardo Mayorga, MD 

In addition to supporting educators in “What to Teach,” the ICO addresses “How To Teach.” Under the organization and leadership of Karl Golnik, ICO Director for Education, the ICO has been offering Residency Program Directors Courses since 2004, which provide methods of instruction, skill assessment, behavior adjustment, and competence measurement.

Sponsored by the ICOFoundation, supported by The Allergan Foundation, coordinated with national ophthalmologic societies, and conducted by the ICO since 2004, the Courses are held each year throughout the world, most recently in Slovenia, China, and Finland.

Residency Program Director Courses are currently by invitation only, but many of the instructional materials used in the Course–along with countless other valuable resources such as the ICO Residency Curriculum and ICO OSCARs–are available in the ICO’s Center for Ophthalmic Educators:

– Eduardo Mayorga, MD, ICO Director for E-Learning

3. Center for Ophthalmic Educators: Providing Educational Resources and Connections

Gabriela Palis, MD
Gabriela Palis, MD 

The Center for Ophthalmic Educators ( offers a broad array of educational resources for teachers of residents, medical students, subspecialty fellows, practicing ophthalmologists, and allied eye care personnel. Ophthalmology teachers are guided in the construction of web-based courses, development and use of assessment tools, and applying evidence-based strategies to enhance adult learning, with information clearly organized by:

How to Teach: Teaching strategies and tools
What to Teach: Educational curricula and guidelines on teaching content
What to Teach With: Teaching resources presented in a variety of media 
How to Assess: Assessment strategies and principles
What to Assess With: Tools to assess skills and knowledge

The Center enables peers to collaborate and share ideas through its interactive feature, “Connections,” while the Ophthalmic Educators Letter offers beneficial information for teachers, including a monthly overview of new resources available in the Center. Sign up to receive educational updates at:

– Gabriela Palis, MD, Editor in Chief, Center for Ophthalmic Educators